The Bastrop Independent School District (BISD) covers the City of Bastrop and much of the surrounding area. There are currently six elementary schools, two intermediate schools, two middle schools, and two high schools in the Bastrop Independent School District, as well as two alternative learning facilities. The newest campus, Cedar Creek High School, was completed in 2010, and was recognized as a school of Academic Distinction by the Texas Education Agency in 2013, along with Cedar Creek Intermediate School and Bastrop High School.
With the implementation of House Bill 5 (HB 5) passed by the Texas Legislature in 2013, Bastrop ISD has created a number of Career Pathways for students, including automotive, agriculture, business, construction, culinary arts, health sciences, and STEM-based programs. In the future, EMT, AWS welding, and AutoCAD certifications will also be offered.
Six colleges and universities are within an hour's drive of Bastrop: Austin Community College, University of Texas, St. Edward's University, Concordia University, Texas A&M, and Texas State University.